Open the bonnet, identify where you would check the engine oil level & tell me how you would check that the engine has sufficient oil.
Identify dipstick (and that is not the person standing next to you)
and describe how you check the oil level against the minimum / maximum markers.
Remove the dipstick, wipe it clean, put it back all the way and remove it again.
You can then check the level against the minimum and maximum markers.
Show me / explain how you would check that the power assisted steering is working before starting a journey.
If the steering becomes heavy the system may not be working properly.
Before starting a journey two simple checks can be made.
Gentle pressure on the steering wheel, maintained while the engine is started,
should result in a slight but noticeable movement as the system begins to operate.
Alternatively turning the steering wheel just after moving off will give an immediate indication
that the power assistance is functioning.
Open the bonnet and identify where you would check the engine coolant level.
Tell me how you would check that the engine has the correct level.
Identify high / low level markings on header tank & describe how to top up to correct level.
Remove the yellow screw cap and top up with the correct strength of anti-freeze and replace the cap.
The correct anti-freeze contains corrosion inhibitors which will help to protect your engine,
even during the summer.
Show me how you would check the parking brake (handbrake) for excessive wear.
Demonstrate by applying handbrake so that when it is fully applied it secures itself,
and is not at the end of the working travel.
Make sure you keep safe control of the vehicle apply foot brake firmly before releasing the handbrake.
Identify where the windscreen washer reservoir is & tell me how you would check the windscreen washer level.
Identify reservoir & explain how to check level.
Take the cap off and look. There is no other indication of the level.
Show me how you would check that the horn is working (Off road only).
Check is carried out by pressing the centre of the steering wheel.
Turning on the ignition is not necessary.
Open the bonnet, identify where the brake fluid reservoir is &
tell me how you would check that you have a safe level of hydraulic brake fluid.
Identify reservoir, check level against high / low markings.
Show me how you would check that the direction indicators are working.
Apply the indicators or hazard warning switch & get out and look to check functioning of all indicators.
You will need to switch ignition on to check left and right separately but not if you use the hazard warning switch.
Show me how you would check that the brake lights are working on this car.
(The examiner can assist you. You don't need to switch the ignition on).
Operate brake pedal, make use of reflections in windows, garage doors, etc, or ask someone to help.
You can ask the examiner to press the brake pedal and you can check that the lights are working by looking.
Tell me how you would check that the brakes are working before starting a journey.
Brakes should not feel spongy or slack.
Brakes should be tested as you set off.
Vehicle should not pull to one side.
Tell me how you would check that the headlights & tail lights are working. (No need to exit vehicle).
Operate switch (no need to turn on ignition), then walk round vehicle.
(As this is a "Tell Me" question, there is no need to physically check the lights).
Tell me where you would find the information for the recommended
tyre pressures for this car & how tyre pressures should be checked.
Check the Manufacturer's guide, use a reliable pressure gauge,
check & adjust pressures when tyres are cold,
don't forget spare tyre and remember to refit valve caps.
Tell me how you would check the tyres to ensure that they have
sufficient tread depth & that their general condition is safe to use on the road.
There must be no cuts or bulges and at least 1.6mm of tread depth
across the central ¾ of the breadth of the tyre and around the entire outer circumference.
As this is the legal definition, the wording should be as close as possible to this.
Show me how you would clean the windscreen using the windscreen washer and wipers.
Operate control to wash & wipe windscreen
This is the only answer where you will need to turn ignition on to demonstrate.
Show me how you would set the demister controls to clear all the windows effectively,
this should include both front & rear screens.
Set the fan, temperature, air direction / source & heated screen to clear windscreen and windows.
The engine does not have to be started for this demonstration.
Turn the controls to point to the symbols with the three wavy lines.
Show me how you would switch on the rear fog light &
explain when you would use it. (No need to exit vehicle).
Turn on dipped headlights & operate switch. Check warning light is on.
Explain that you may only use fog lights when it is foggy ie when visibility is less than 100 meters.
Show me how you switch your headlight from dipped to main beam &
explain how you would know the main beam is on whilst inside the car.
Turn on the headlights and operate switch.
Check the blue main beam warning light
on the dashboard.
Tell me how you make sure your head restraint is correctly adjusted
so it provides the best protection in the event of a crash.
The head restraint should be adjusted so the rigid part of the head restraint
is at least as high as the eye or top of the ears &
as close to the back of the head as is comfortable.
Tell me how you would know if there was a problem with your anti lock braking system (ABS).
The ABS warning light
will illuminate on the dashboard if there is a fault with the anti lock braking system.